Crate vizia::vg::imgref

Expand description

In graphics code it’s very common to pass width and height along with a Vec of pixels, all as separate arguments. This is tedious, and can lead to errors.

This crate is a simple struct that adds dimensions to the underlying buffer. This makes it easier to correctly keep track of the image size and allows passing images with just one function argument instead three or four.

Additionally, it has a concept of a stride, which allows defining sub-regions of images without copying, as well as handling padding (e.g. buffers for video frames may require to be a multiple of 8, regardless of logical image size).

For convenience, there are iterators over rows or all pixels of a (sub)image and pixel-based indexing directly with img[(x,y)] (where x/y can be u32 as well as usize).

Img<Container> type has aliases for common uses:

  • Owned: ImgVec<T>Img<Vec<T>> (use it in structs and return types)
  • Reference: ImgRef<T>Img<&[T]> (use it in function arguments)
  • Mutable reference: ImgRefMut<T>Img<&mut [T]>

It is assumed that the container is one element per pixel, e.g. Vec<RGBA>, and not a Vec<u8> where 4 u8 elements are interpreted as one pixel.

use imgref::*;

fn main() {
    let img = Img::new(vec![0; 1000], 50, 20); // 1000 pixels of a 50×20 image

    let new_image = some_image_processing_function(img.as_ref()); // Use imgvec.as_ref() instead of &imgvec for better efficiency

    println!("New size is {}×{}", new_image.width(), new_image.height());
    println!("And the top left pixel is {:?}", new_image[(0u32,0u32)]);

    let first_row_slice = &new_image[0];

    for row in new_image.rows() {
        // …
    }
    for px in new_image.pixels() {
        // …
    }

    // slice (x, y, width, height) by reference - no copy!
    let fragment = img.sub_image(5, 5, 15, 15);

    //
    let (vec, width, height) = fragment.to_contiguous_buf();
}

Structs§

  • Basic struct used for both owned (alias ImgVec) and borrowed (alias ImgRef) image fragments.
  • Iterates over pixels in the (sub)image. Call Img.pixels() to create it.
  • Iterates over pixels in the (sub)image. Call Img.pixels_mut() to create it.
  • Iterates over pixels in the (sub)image. Call Img.pixels_ref() to create it.
  • Rows of the image. Call Img.rows() to create it.
  • Rows of the image. Call Img.rows_mut() to create it.

Traits§

  • Additional methods that depend on buffer size
  • Additional methods that depend on buffer size

Type Aliases§

  • Reference to pixels inside another image. Pass this structure by value (i.e. ImgRef, not &ImgRef).
  • Same as ImgRef, but mutable Pass this structure by value (i.e. ImgRef, not &ImgRef).
  • Image owning its pixels.